• Food for thought, a feast for the soul...

  • ...a celebration of the spirit.

Ancients

  • HomerIliad, Odyssey
  • AeschylusAgamemnon, Libation Bearers, Eumenides, Prometheus Bound
  • SophoclesOedipus Rex, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone, Philoctetes, Ajax
  • Euripides: Hippolytus, Bacchae, Medea
  • Aristophanes: Clouds
  • Herodotus: Histories
  • ThucydidesPeloponnesian War
  • PlatoMeno, Gorgias, Republic, Apology, Crito, Phaedo, Symposium, Parmenides, Theaetetus, Sophist, Timaeus, Phaedrus, Laws, Ion, Laches
  • Xenophon, Memorabilia, Anabasis, Education of Cyrus
  • Euclid: Elements
  • AristotlePoetics, Physics, Metaphysics, Nicomachean Ethics, On Generation and Corruption, Politics, Parts of Animals, Generation of Animals, De AnimaOn InterpretationPrior AnalyticsCategories
  • Hebrew Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Samuel I and II, Ecclesiastes, Proverbs, Song of Songs, Psalms
  • The Bible: New Testament
  • EpictetusDiscourses, Manual
  • LucretiusOn the Nature of Things
  • PlutarchLycurgus, Solon
  • VirgilAeneid
  • Plutarch: “Caesar,” ”Cato the Younger,” “Antony,” “Brutus”
  • TacitusAnnals
  • Cicero: On the Republic, On Friendship, About the ends of Goods and Evils
  • AureliusMeditations
  • PlotinusThe Enneads
  • AugustineConfessions, The City of God
  • St. AnselmProslogium 1077-1078
  • MaimonidesGuide for the Perplexed
  • AquinasSumma Theologica
  • DanteDivine Comedy
  • ChaucerCanterbury Tales
Moderns
  • Copernicus: Dedication of The Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies, 1543
  • MachiavelliThe Prince, Discourses
  • More: Utopia
  • Erasmus: In praise of folly
  • Luther: 95 Theses
  • Calvin: Institutes of Christian Religion 1536
  • MontaigneEssays
  • RabelaisGargantua and Pantagruel
  • ShakespeareRichard II, Henry IV, Henry V, The Tempest, As You Like It, Hamlet, Othello, Macbeth, King Lear, Sonnets
  • CervantesDon Quixote
  • Descartes Discourse on Method, Meditations, Rules for the Direction of the Mind
  • Galileo
  • Harvey (1578-1657): On The Motion of The Heart And Blood In Animals, 1628
  • BaconNovum Organum
  • Hobbes: Leviathan
  • MiltonParadise Lost
  • La RouchefoucauldMaximes
  • La FontaineFables
  • PascalPensees
  • Spinoza: Ethics, Theological-Political Treatise
  • MoliereLe Misanthrope
  • LockeSecond Treatise of Government
  • Racine: Phaedre
  • Newton: Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
  • Kepler: Harmony of the World
  • SwiftGulliver’s Travels
  • Leibniz: The Monadology, 1714.
  • Lessing:The Education of The Human Race, 1778
  • Voltaire: Candide
  • Condorcet: On the Future Progress of the Human Mind, 1794
  • HumeTreatise of Human Nature
  • Montesquieu: Spirit of the Laws (1748)
  • Fielding: The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling (1749)
  • Rousseau: Social Contract, Discourse on the Origin of Inequality, Emile, Confessions
  • Gibbon: Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
  • Adam Smith: Wealth of Nations, Theory of Sentiments
  • Burke: Reflection on the Revolution in France
  • Boswell: The Life of Johnson
  • A. Pope: Essay on Man
  • Paine: Common Sense, The Rights of Man
  • FRENCH Declaration of the Rights of Man
  • KantCritique of Pure Reason, Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals, What is Enlightenment?
  • AMERICAN FOUNDING DOCUMENTS: “Articles of Confederation,” “Declaration of Independence,” “Constitution of the United States of America”
  • Hamilton, Jay and MadisonThe Federalist
  • Anti-federalists
  • Schiller: Letters Upon The Aesthetic Education of Man, 1794
  • GoetheFaust, Metamorphosis of Plants
  • David Ricardo (1772-1823): The principles of political economy and taxation, 1815
  • LANDMARK SUPREME COURT CASES
  • Franklin: Autobiography
  • Jefferson: writings
  • Herder
  • GoetheFaust, Metamorphosis of Plants
  • Clausewitz, On War
  • HegelPhenomenology of Spirit
  • Fichte
  • Carlyle
  • Emerson
  • Thoreau: Civil Disobedience
  • Whitman, Leaves of Grass
  • TocquevilleDemocracy in America
  • Lincoln: Selected Speeches – Cooper Union Address
  • Douglass: Narrative of the Life
  • Benjamin Disraeli: Utilitarian Follies
  • John Henry Newman: Sermons, Who is to Blame?
  • Herbert Spencer: Progess: Its Law and Causes, 1857
  • John Stuart Mill: On Liberty, Autobiography
  • KierkegaardPhilosophical Fragments, Fear and Trembling
  • Jane Austen: Pride and Prejudice
  • George EliotMiddlemarch
***************

19th Century

  • Darwin: Origin of Species, Descent of Man, Voyage of the Beagle
  • MarxCapital, Political and Economic Manuscripts of 1844, The German Ideology
  • DostoevskiBrothers Karamazov, Demons, Crime and Punishment, Notes form Underground
  • TolstoyWar and Peace, Anna Kerenina
  • Melville: Billy Budd, Bartleby the Scrivener, Benito Cereno
  • Charles Saunders PeirceFixation of Belief
  • William JamesPsychology, Briefer Course
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.Supreme Court Opinions, writings
  • Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil, Birth of Tragedy, Uses and Abuses of History for Life
  • BaudelaireFlowers of Evil, What is Romanticism?
  • de Quincey: Confessions of an English Opium Eater
  • Thomas Henry Huxley: Evolution and Ethics, 1894.
  • Louis Pasteur : Extension of The Germ Theory, 1880
  • CollingwoodAutobiography, the Idea of History
  • Stendhal: The Red and the Black
  • Proust: Swann’s Way
  • Emile Durkheim Suicide: A Study in Sociology; Elementary forms of Religious Life
  • FlaubertUn Coeur Simple, Madame Bovary

20th Century
(1900)

  • Freud: Interpretation of Dreams
  • Planck
  • Conrad, Heart of Darkness
  • Bergson, Creative Evolution
  • Max Weber, Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Science as a Vocation, Economy and Society
  • Booker T. Washington: Selected Writings
  • W.E.B. Du BoisThe Souls of Black Folk
  • Pope PIUS X, Pascendi Dominici Gregi

(1910)

  • Franz Boas, Mind of Primitive Man
  • Proust, In search of lost time
  • James Joyce: The Dead, Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Ulysses
  • Oswald Spengler, Decline of the West
  • Jung, C.G.Psychology of the Unconscious: A Study of the Transformations and Symbolisms of the Libido, a Contribution to the Evolution of Thought. (1916)
  • Henry Adams, The Education of Henry Adams (1918)
  • John Maynard Keynes: The Economic Consequences of the Peace (1919)
  • T.S. Eliot, The Wasteland
  • Wittgenstein: Tractatus, Philosophical Investigations, Blue and Brown Books
  • Lenin: The State and Revolution

(1920) 

  • Yeats
  • Thomas Mann,Magic Mountain
  • Woolf,To the Lighthouse, Mrs. Dalloway
  • SCOPES TRIAL
  • H.L. Mencken
  • Walter Lippmann
  • Kafka, The Castle, The Trial
  • Hitler, Mein Kampf
  • Buber, Martin. I and Thou. 1923
  • Lukacs: History and Class Consciousness
  • Heisenberg, Werner. Uncertainty Principle. 1927
  • Heidegger, Being and Time (1927), selections from “Basic Writings”
  • Freud, Civilization and its Discontents (1929)

(1930)

  • Kurt Gödel: On Formally Undecidable Propositions Of Principia Mathematica and Related Systems, 1931
  • Benedict, RuthPatterns of Culture. 1934
  • KeynesThe General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money. (1936)
  • Husserl: Crisis of the European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology
  • Kojeve: Introduction to the reading of Hegel: Lectures on the Phenomenology of Spirit
  • Mumford: Technics and Civilization

(1940)

  • Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno: Dialectic of Enlightenment
  • Erich Fromm: The Fear of Freedom
  • Karl Jaspers: The Perennial Scope of Philosophy
  • Koestler: Darkness at Noon
  • Malraux: Man’s Fate
  • Neumann: Behemoth: The Structure and Practice of National Socialism
  • Polanyi: The Great Transformation
  • Popper: The Open Society and Its Enemies
  • Samuelson: Economics: An Introductory Analysis
  • Schumpeter: Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy
  • Martin Wright: Power Politics
  • Kinsey, Alfred C. Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. 1948
  • Riesman: The Lonely Crowd
  • F. Hayek: Road to Serfdom (1944)
  • Orwell, Essays, 1984
  • Richard Weaver, Ideas Have Consequences
  • NUREMBERG WAR CRIME TRIALS

(1950)

  • Hannah Arendt: The Origins of Totalitarianism, The Human Condition
  • Raymond Aron: The Opium of the Intellectuals
  • Kenneth Arrow: Social Choice and Individual Values
  • Roland Barthes: Mythologies
  • Winston Churchill: The Second World War
  • Norman Cohn: The Pursuit of the Millennium
  • Milovan Djilas: The New Class: An Analysis of the Communist System
  • Mircea Eliade: Images and Symbols
  • Marcuse, Eros and Civilization
  • Lucien Febvre: The Struggle for History
  • John Kenneth Galbraith: The Affluent Society
  • Erving Goffman: The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life
  • Arthur Koestler and Richard Crossman (eds): The God That Failed: Six Studies in Communism
  • Primo Levi: If This is a Man
  • Claude Lévi-Strauss: A World on the Wane. Tristes Tropiques 1955
  • Czeslaw Milosz: The Captive Mind
  • David Riesman: The Lonely Crowd
  • Vasily Grossman, Life and Fate (1959)
  • Jacques Ellul: The Technological Society (La technique ou l’enjeu du siècle.) 1954
  • Leo Strauss: Natural Right and History
  • Arnold Toynbee: A Study of History
  • Ludwig Wittgenstein: Philosophical Investigations
  • Mills, C. Wright. The Power Elite. 1956
  • Maslow, Abraham. Motivation and Personality. 1954.
  • Bernays, Edward. The Engineering of Consent. 1955
  • Greenberg, Clement. Art and Culture: Critical Essays
  • Beauvoir, Simone de. The Second Sex.
  • Bernard LONERGAN:  Insight: A Study of Human Understanding

(1960)

  • Walter Miller, Jr., A Canticle for Leibowitz
  • Herman Kahn, On Thermonuclear War
  • MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. Letter from Birmingham Jail
  • Hannah Arendt: Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil
  • Daniel Bell: The End of Ideology
  • Michel Foucault: Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason
  • Milton Friedman: Capitalism and Freedom
  • Alexander Gerschenkron: Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective
  • Antonio Gramsci: Prison Notebooks
  • Thomas Kuhn: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
  • Claude Lévi-Strauss: The Savage Mind
  • Konrad Lorenz: On Aggression
  • E. P. Thompson: The Making of the English Working Class
  • John XXIII, Pope. Encyclicals of Pope John XXIII. 1965
  • Friedan, Betty. The Feminine Mystique
  • Jacques LACAN, Ecrits (1966)
  • McLuhan: The Medium is the Massage: An Inventory of Effects (1967)

(1970)

  • Piaget: Structuralism (1971)
  • Daniel Bell: The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism
  • Isaiah Berlin: Russian Thinkers
  • Ronald Dworkin: Taking Rights Seriously
  • Clifford Geertz: The Interpretation of Cultures
  • Albert Hirschmann: Exit, Voice, and Loyalty
  • Leszek Kolakowski: Main Currents of Marxism
  • Hans Küng: On Being a Christian
  • Robert Nozick: Anarchy, State and Utopia
  • John Rawls: A Theory of Justice
  • Gershom Scholem: The Messianic Idea in Judaism
  • Alexander Solzhenitsyn: The Gulag Archipelago
  • Pynchon: Gravity’s Rainbow
  • Derrida: Of Grammatology
  • Althusser
  • Habermas
  • Barthes, Death of the Author
  • Lasch: The Culture of Narcissism: American Life in an Age of Diminishing Expectations
  • Carson, Silent Spring
  • Jacques Monod: Chance and Necessity
  • Edward O Wilson: On Human Nature 
  • Richard Dawkins: The Selfish Gene

(1980)

  • Vaclav Havel: Living in Truth
  • Alisdair MacIntyre: After Virtue
  • Stephen Hawking: A Brief History of Time
  • Milan Kundera: The Book of Laughter and Forgetting
  • Primo Levi: The Drowned and the Saved
  • Roger Penrose: The Emperor’s New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics
  • Richard Rorty: Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature
  • Amartya Sen: Resources, Values and Development
  • Michael Walzer: Spheres of Justice
  • Said: Orientalism
  • Bloom: Closing of the American Mind

(1990)

  • Fredric Jameson, Postmodernism or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism (1990)
  • (To be continued…)

Primary Sources from India, China and Japan

INDIA**

  • The Vedas
  • Upanishads
  • Mahabharata
  • Bhagavadgita
  • Ramayana of Valmiki
  • Yoga Sutras of Patañjali
  • The Vedanta Sutra with the Commentary of Shankaracharya
  • Kalidasa: Shakuntala, The Cloud Messenger, Origin of the Young God
  • The Little Clay Cart of Shudraka
  • Pancatantra, According to Purnabhadra
  • Sanskrit Lyric Poetry
  • Gitagovinda of Jayadeva
  • Indian Devotional Poetry
  • Indo-Islamic Poetry
  • Poems and Plays of Rabindranath Tagore
  • Autobiography of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Texts of Indian Buddhism

  • Theravada Buddhism: The Tipitaka
  • Theravada Buddhism: The Dhammapada
  • Theravada Buddhism: The Milindapanha
  • Theravada Buddhism: The Mahasatipatthana Sutta
  • NAGARJUNA, Fundamental Wisdom of the Middle Way
  • Mahayana Buddhism: Prajnaparamita
  • Mahayana Buddhism: The Srimaladevisimhanada Sutra
  • Mahayana Buddhism: The Lankavatara Sutra
  • Mahayana Buddhism: The Sukhavativyuha Sutras
  • Mahayana Buddhism: The Bodhicaryavatara of Shantideva

CHINA**

  • The Analects (Lun Yu) or Confucius
  • Mo Tzu
  • Lao Tzu, Tao te Ching
  • Chuang Tzu
  • Mencius (Meng Tzu)
  • The Great Learning (Ta Hsueh)
  • The Mean (Chung Yung)
  • Hsun Tzu
  • Han Fei Tzu
  • Records of the Historian: The Shih chi of Ssu-ma Ch’ien [added in 3rd ed.]
  • Works of Chu Hsi
  • Works of Wang Yang-ming
  • The Water Margin, or All Men Are Brothers (Shui Hu Chuan)
  • Journey to the West, or Monkey (Hsi Yu Chi) by Wu Ch’eng-en
  • The Golden Lotus (Chin P’ing Mei)
  • Dream of the Red Chamber (Hung Lou Meng) by Ts’ao Hsüeh-ch’in
  • Chinese Drama [added in 3rd ed.]
  • The Book of Songs (Ch’u Tz’u) by Ch’u Yüan and other poets
  • Chinese Poets and Poetry

Texts of Chinese Buddhism

  • The Lotus Sutra (Saddharma Pundarika Sutra, or Miao Fa Lien Hua Ching)
  • The Vimalakirtinirdesa Sutra (Wei-mo-chieh so-shuo ching)
  • The Awakening of Faith in Mahayana (Ta-ch’eng ch’i-hsin lun)
  • Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch
  • The Record of Lin-chi

JAPAN**

  • Manyoshu
  • Court Poetry: The Kokinshu and other Imperial Anthologies
  • Sei Shonagon, The Pillow-Book
  • Murasaki Shikibu, The Tale of Genji
  • Kamo no Chomei, An Account of My Hut (Hojoki)
  • Yoshida Kenko, Essays in Idleness (or the Harvest of Leisure)
  • Tale of the Heike
  • The No Plays
  • The Fiction of Ihara Saikaku
  • Matsuo Basho, Narrow Road to the Deep North
  • The Plays of Chikamatsu Manzaemon
  • The Treasury of Loyal Retainers (Chushingura) by Takeda Izumo, Miyoshi Shoraku, and Namiki Senryu

Texts of Japanese Buddhism

  • Writings of Kukai
  • Writings of Buddhist Masters of the Kamakura Period [added in 3rd ed.]
  • Writings of the Zen Master Hakuin
  • Writings of Dogen

**A Guide to Oriental Classics. 3rd ed. Ed. by Wm. Theodore de Bary and Ainslie T. Embree; Third edition edited by Amy Vladeck Heinrich. New York: Columbia University Press, 1989. © 1989 Columbia University Press

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The Education Quartet
iSymposium: A Serious Reader's Pathway Through Four Western Classics - Plato's Republic, Dante's Divine Comedy, Rousseau's Emile and Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit. Starting January 2018.
Journey to the East
iSymposium East: A Serious Reader's Pathway through Six Eastern Classics from India, China and Japan
Plato's Meno
September - October 2017, San Antonio, TX
Thucydides' Peloponnesian War
January-March 2018, San Antonio, TX - in conjunction with the San Antonio Museum of Art.  
The Foundations of Classical Art
March-April 2018, San Antonio, TX
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